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Work and technique Are sources of alienation of man?
In the Judaeo-Christian tradition, the work appears as a maléduction. Indeed, the Lord God said to man: "By the sweat of your border you will win your bread until you return a dust." This is the sentance (the verdict, sentencing, punishment) imposed on Adam after his disobedience to God. He said Eve, "You give birth in pain." The work thus appears as the wages of sin, a punishment from God which man himself has been guilty. work becomes a forced activity, stress to which man can escape. work is an arduous, requires a painful effort. it is most often accompanied by fatigue, illness and even death. work is the sign of the alienation of man both indifferent and hostile to which we must at all costs to adapt to survive. it's hard man hard to land as it contains resources to survive. To the ancient Greeks, the work expresses the misery of man, not nobility. It means our liaiason the world of matter, while contemplating the wisdom (the search for truth) makes us forget that man is subject to the material world. In Gogia, Platton expresses a social dualism: on one hand the free men who contemplate the ideas, they are the leaders of the city, philosophers and all those who engage in intellectual actvities on the other cuex which are painfully busy working on the matter (Laterre, sensitive objects). It was Karl Marx who emphasizes the alienation of industrial work. Indeed, initially, the artisan produces an object that is his own creation in which he recognizes. But with the big industry work a worker becomes alienated labor. This alienation is that the factory worker in front of his own product as having a reality that is foreign and dominant. The worker no longer recognizes itself in the thing it produces. Marx then says that the work is outside, foreign to the worker who did not develop any energy free and genuine. In other words, ouvier plant is deprived of any initiative, his work is not conscious. The work at the plant makes the worker a slave to the machine. Mechanization in fact forced the worker to become a PLC. It is subject to assembly line work, always forced to perform the same gesture at a pace required. Work is also used as the owner of the means of production buys the labor power of the worker, his physical and nervous energy. But the owner, if rewards (wage-earning, pay) workers do not pay as much for its fair price of labor power embodied in the goods produced. Even better, the wages received by the worker does not match the number of hours of work: This is the operation of the home by man.